Pierre Bottineau (1817-1895) was a famous Minnesota frontiersman and Métis (of Native American and French heritage). He was an accomplished surveyor and his many settlement parties founded cities all over Minnesota and North Dakota, including the area that later became Minneapolis. He was also a renowned diplomat and translator, earning him the nickname "The Walking Peace Pipe". He played a part in forging many treaties with Native American tribes. He spoke French, English, Sioux, Chippewa, Cree, Mandan, and Winnebago.
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